United Paxmoondi Emirates Federal Constitution ------------------- We, the People of Paxtmoondi, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, and ensure the right for sillyness to all, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United Paxtmoondi Emirates. Article I Section 1. All legislative power herein granted shall be vested in a congress, composed of a house of representatives and a senate. Section 2. Clause 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second year by the people of the several Emirates, and the electors shall have reached the age of 15. Clause 2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of Eighteen years and been two years a citizen of the United Emirates, and who shall be, when chosen, an inhabitant of the Emirate from which he was chosen. Clause 3. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several Emirates which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years. The actual Enumeration shall be made within one Year after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United Emirates, and within every subsequent Term of five Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty, but each Emirate shall have at Least one Representative. Clause 4. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any Emirate, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies. Clause 5. The House of Representatives shall chose their speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. Section 3. Clause 1. The Senate of the United Emirates shall be composed of two Senators, chosen by the people of said Emirate according to procedures established in the constitution thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Clause 2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Yeard; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, the Executive of the Emirate whereof the vacancy occured may make temporary Appointments until the Emirate can fill such Vacancies by vote or other means established by the constitution of said Emirate. Clause 3: No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty years, and been five Years a citizen of the United Emirates, and who shall, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. Clause 4: The President of the United Emirates shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided. Clause 5: The Senate shall chose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of Emperor of the United Emirates. Clause 6: The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the Emperor of the United Emirates is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Clause 7: Judgement in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United Emirates: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgement and Punishment, according to Law. Section 4: Clause 1: The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof. Clause 2: The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in September, unless they shall by Law appaint a different day. Section 5: Clause 1: Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business. Clause 2: Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, determine the menu of foods to be served at meetings, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member. Clause 3: Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgement require Secrecy; and the Yays and Nahs of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal. Clause 4: Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days. Section 6: Clause 1: The Senators shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place. Clause 2: The meetings of either House shall be held in such a place or forum that the majority of Members is able to attend, be it a place, or be it through some electronic Forum, such as the internet or a Conference Call. Section 7: Clause 1: All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. Clause 2: Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the Emperor of the United Emirates; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yays and Nahs, and the Names of of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the Emperor within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law. Clause 3: Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the Emperor of the United Emirates; and before the Same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitation prescribed in the Case of a Bill. Section 8: Clause 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts, and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; Clause 2: To borrow Money on the credit of the United Emirates; Clause 3: To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; Clause 4: To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States; Clause 5: To establish Post Offices and post Roads; Clause 6: To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Time to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries; Clause 7: To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; Clause 8: To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, in space, or any other realm shared by nations, and Offences against the Law of Nations; Clause 9: To declare War, grante letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; Clause 10: To raise and support Armies, as deemed necessary to protect the freedom and welfare of the people, but no persons shall be drafted into such armies against their free will; Clause 11: To provide and maintain a Navy as is necessary to protect the commerce and welfare of the people; Clause 12: To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces; Clause 13: To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; Clause 14: To provide for organizing, arming, and discipling, the Militia, as is necessary to ensure for readiness in the case of foreign hostility; Clause 15: To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United Emirates, or in any Department or Officer thereof. Section 9: Clause 1: The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the congress, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding fifteen Toonies for each Person. Clause 2: The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public safety may require it. Clause 3: No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. Clause 4: No tax or duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any Emirate. Clause 5: No preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one Emirate over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one Emirate, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another. Clause 6: No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time. Section 10: Clause 1: No Emirate shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts. Clause 2: No Emirate shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any Emirate on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United Emirates; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress. Clause 3: No Emirate shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another Emirate, or with a foreign power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay. Article II Section 1: Clause 1: The executive Power shall be vested in the Emperor of the United Paxmoondi Emirates, and in a President of the United Emirates. The Emperor and the President will be selected as follows Clause 2: The Emperor shall hold his office until he resigns or is removed by Congress. When the office becomes vacant, the replacement shall be elected by a simple majority of a vote by all citizens. Clause 3: The President shall hold his Office during the Term of four years, and will be elected by a simple majority of a vote by all citizens. Clause 4: The Emperor and the President shall both have the power to veto each other. Congress may overturn a veto with a two-thirds majority. Clause 5: Congress shall appoint the times at which elections for the offices of President and Emperor shall be held. Clause 6: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, the Emperor shall take the following Oath of Affirmation: "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of Emperor of the United Paxtmoondi Emirates, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United Emirates." Clause 7: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, the President shall take the following Oath of Affirmation: "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United Paxmoondi Emirates, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United Emirates." Clause 8: The President shall serve in his Office for no more than two terms. Section 2: Clause 1: The President shall be Command in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United Emirates, and of the Militia of the several Emirates, when called into the actual Service of the United Emirates; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United Emirates, except in Cases of Impeachment. Clause 2: The Emperor may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of IMpeachment. Clause 3: The Emperor shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United Emirates, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments. Clause 4: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session. Section 3: The President shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadorss and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United Emirates. Section 4: The Emperor, President, and all civil Officers of the United Emirates, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. Section 5: In any case in which the Emperor is not available to make decisions for the Union, or he is not available to pass or object a law within the ten days necessary, then the President can make such decisions in place of the Emperor, and his decisions will be bindind as those of the Emperor, unless such decisions are vetoed by the Emperor within ten days. Section 6: The first Emperor shall be Peter Rijks, who shall serve until such time when he is removed by due process, or resigns. Article III Section 1: The judicial Power of the United Emirates, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour. Section 2: Clause 1: The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United Emirates, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority, -- to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;-- to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United Emirates shall be a Party;-- to Controversies between two or more Emirates,-- between an Emirate and citizens of another Emirate;- between Citizens of different Emirates,-- between Citizens of the same Emirate claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. Clause 2: In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which an Emirate shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make. Clause 3: The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the Emirate where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not commited within any Emirate, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as Congress may by Law have directed. Section 3: Clause 1: Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court. Clause 2: The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeitrue except during the Life of the Person attainted. Article IV Section 1: Clause 1: Every citizen shall inhabit no more than one Emirate, although they can visit freely any Emirate of the Union. If a citizen chooses not to inhabit an Emirate, then he shall be a Nomad, and will not be able to vote for Congress. Nomads may however vote for President and Emperor. Clause 2: Any person who spends two years within an Emirate shall register himself as an inhabitant of said Emirate. Section 2: Clause 1: Each Emirate shall determine the Laws and regulations by which it shall be governed, and the method by which it selects its Senators and representatives. Clause 2: Each Emirate shall have one Representatives in the House of Representatives, not exceeding one for every thirty citizens, but at least one. Each Emirate shall have two Senators in the Senate. Clause 3: Each Emirate shall determine how Senators are selected, be it by appointment by the executive of the Emirate, or by election by the citizens of the Emirate. The Representatives of an Emirate shall be elected by all the citizens thereof. Section 3: Clause 1: When a group of citizens wishes to add a new Emirate to the union, they shall collect the signatures of fifteen citizens, all of which must inhabit the new Emirate for a minimum of two years. Clause 2: A representative shall be chosen from the group, who will present the petition to the Emperor. Clause 3: A constitution shall be written for the new Emirate, and be approved by two-thirds of the people who signed the petition. Clause 4: The petition and the constitution shall be presented to the Emperor by the representative of the petitioners. Clause 5: If passed by Congress and the Emperor, the Emirate shall be added to the Union, and two Senators and as many Representatives as allowed by the population of the new Emirate shall be elected by the means set forth by the Constitution of said Emirate. Section 4: Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each Emirate to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other Emirate. Section 5: Clause 1: The Citizens of each Emirate shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several Emirates. Clause 2: A Person charged in any Emirate with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another Emirate, shall be on Demand of the executive Authority of the Emirate from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the Emirate having Jurisdiction of the Crime. Article V Section 1: If the population of these United Emirates grows to such point that Congress finds it necessary to alter the numbers that determine how many representatives each Emirate shall have, then they may, with the Consent of two thirds of the Members of each House, and the Consent of three fourths of the Executive Officers of the several Emirates, alter these numbers to what they deem to be adequate for proper representation. Section 2: The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Executives of two thirds of the several Emirates, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Executives of three fourths of the several States, and by two thirds of the Members of both houses of Congress. No Emirate, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate by any such Amendment to this Constitution. Article VI Clause 1: All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United Emirates under this Constitution, as under the old empire. Clause 2: This Constitution, and the Laws of the United Emirates which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United Emirates, shall be the supreme Law of the People; and the Judges in every Emirate shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. Clause 3: The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and all executive and judicial Officers, of the United Emirates, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United Emirates. Article VII Section 1: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Section 2: Each citizen who has not been convicted of a violent crime within these United Emirates, shall have the right to keep and bear weapons of the sort which congress deems proper for defense, provided these weapons are registered with such agency congress deems necessary, and provided the owner of such weapons has been trained in their use and repeats such training from time to time. Section 3: No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Section 4: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particulary describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. Section 5: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the armed forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensations. Section 6: In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to hvve compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. Section 7: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty Toonies, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. Section 8: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Section 9: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Section 10: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Section 11: Any being, be they foreign or native to the lands of the Union, regardless of Species, Color, Sex, Religion, Origin, or lifestyle, shall have the right to citizenship in this Union, provided they show the qualifications which Congress views as necessary for citizenship. Section 12: No citizen may be granted special favors or be discriminated against, based on Species, Color, Sex, Religion, Origin, or lifestyle. Section 13: No citizen shall receive unsolicited advertisements via any medium for which he bears the charge, unless he gives express invitation or permission for such advertisements. Such Media include, but are not limited to Facsimile devices, cellular telephones, and electronic mail. Congress shall impose such laws as are necessary to protect citizens from such unsolicited advertisement. Section 14: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United Emirates, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 15: No tax or fee shall be imposed on the right to vote, nor shall any citizen have his right to vote taken away from him. Section 16: No citizen not living on land of the United Emirates shall have to pay taxes. Fees can be imposed however, as congress views necessary, for the cost of creating papers which citizens of the Emirates may require. Article VIII The Ratification of three fourths of the Citizens of Paxmoondi shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the Emirates.